MELINDUNGI ANAK DIGITAL NATIVES MELALUI PENDIDIKAN LITERASI MEDIA BERBASIS KELUARGA

Mite Setiansah, Sri Pangestuti, Dwi Pangastuti Mahareni

Abstract


Data yang dikeluarkan Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia (APJII) tahun 2016, menyebutkan bahwa pada tahun 2016 hampir 1 juta anak usia 10-14 tahun sudah mengakses internet. Di Kabupaten Banyumas sendiri, situs merdeka.com pada 26 Mei 2014, telah melansir berita berjudul 8 Ribu Lebih Siswa SD di Banyumas Pernah Melihat Tayangan Porno. Bertolak dari kondisi di atas, penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan tujuan untuk memperoleh deskripsi komprehensif tentang perilaku penggunaan media online serta pola pendidikan literasi media di dalam keluarga. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Desa Melung, Kecamatan Kedungbanteng yang merupakan pelopor desa internet di Kabupaten Banyumas dan Kelurahan Bancarkembar di Kecamatan Purwokerto Utara yang merupakan wilayah kelurahan di wilayah perkotaan dengan banyak fasilitas warung internet dan game online sekaligus berhimpitan langsung dengan wilayah kampus. Penelitian melibatkan 37 anak di bawah umur beserta 40 orangtua. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik pengumpulan data melalui survey, focus grup discussion, dan wawancara mendalam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendidikan literasi media dalam keluarga masih sangat kurang. Banyak anak yang sudah mulai mengakses media online sejak usia sekolah dasar dan menyatakan tidak pernah diajari orangtua tentang bagaimana melindungi diri dari resiko online. Orangtua justru lebih banyak belajar dari anak dalam menggunakan media online. Perhatian orangtua masih lebih banyak diarahkan pada lama waktu penggunaan dan kurang memperhatikan konten media yang dikonsumsi oleh anak. Anak lebih banyak mendapat informasi tentang media online dari teman, saudara dan mencoba atau mencari tahu sendiri.

Kata Kunci: Anak di bawah umur, Resiko Online, Pendidikan Literasi Media

 

Data released by the Indonesian Internet Service Providers Association (APJII) in 2016, states that in 2016 almost 1 million children aged 10-14 years had accessed the internet. In Banyumas Regency itself, the merdeka.com site on May 26, 2014, has launched a news story entitled 8 Thousands More Elementary Students in Banyumas Have Seen Porn Shows. Departing from the conditions, this study was conducted with the aim of obtaining a comprehensive description of the behavior of online media use and media literacy education patterns in the family. This research was conducted in Melung Village, Kedungbanteng District and Bancarkembar Village in North Purwokerto Subdistrict. The study involved 37 children and 40 parents. The study was conducted using data collection techniques through surveys, focus group discussions, and in-depth interviews. The results showed that media literacy education in the family was still lacking. Many children have started accessing online media since elementary school age and claim that parents have never taught them how to protect themselves from online risks. Parents actually learn more from their children in using online media. Parents' attention is still more directed at the length of time of use and less attention to media content consumed by children. Children get more information about online media from friends, relatives and try or find out for themselves. 

 

Keywords: Minors, online risk, media literacy education 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Arikunto, Suharsimi. 1993. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta

Baran, SJ. 2010. Introduction to Mass Communication, Media Literacy and Culture. McGraw Hill. New York.

Coleman, J. dan Hagell, A. 2007. Adolesence, Risk and Resilience: Against the Odds. John Wiley & Sons. West Sussex.

Erlinda. 2014. Upaya Peningkatan Anak dari Bahaya Kekeraan, Pelecehan dan Eksploitasi. Dalam https://web.kominfo.go.id/sites/default/files/users/12/SESI%20II%20-%202.%20paparankementerian-2014-nov-bandung-erlinda-REV-fix.pdf diakses 8 Juni 2017.

Hasebrink, U. Livingstone, S. dan Haddon, L. 2008. Comparing Children’s Online Opportunities and Risks across Europe: Cross-national Comparisons for EU Kids Online. EU Kids Online. London.

Haenens, Leen, Vandoninck, Sofie, dan Donoso, Veronica. 2013. How to Cope and Build Online Resilience? EU Kids Online. Januari 2013.

Klinke, A dan Renn, O. 2002. A New Approach to Risk Evaluation and Management: Risk based, precaution-based, and discourse-based strategies. Risk Analysis 6(22).

Livingstone, S. 2013. Online Risk, Harm and Vulnerability: Reflections on the Evidence Base for Child Internet Safety Policy. ZER 18(35) : 13-28. ISSN: 1137-1102.

Marsh, Jackie. Hannon, Peter. Lewis, Margareth. Ritchie, Louise. 2017. Young Children’s Initiation into Family Literacy Practices in The Digital Age. Journal of Early Childhood Research 15 (I) : 47-60.

OEDC Council. 2012. The Protection of Child Online. Recommedantion of the OEDC Council: Report on Risks Faced by Children Online and Policies to Protect Them.

Owens, Eric W., Behun, Richard J., Manning, Jill C., dan Reid, Rory C. 2012. “The Impact of Internet Pornography on Adolescents: A Review of The Research.” Sexual Addiction & Compulsivit, 19: 99-122.

Prensky, M. 2001. Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. Horizon 9(5)

Ameliah, R. 2016. Indonesian’s Perspekctive on Child Online Protection. MCIT Indonesia.

Setiansah, M. 2015. Pemaknaan Samrtphone oleh Perempuan Urban: Interseksi Gender, Kelas dan Agama. Disertasi. Tidak diterbitkan. Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM. Yogyakarta.

Setiansah, M. Prastyanti, S. dan Pangestuti, S. 2013. Pengembangan Model Ketahanan Sosial Masyarakat Terhadap Dampak Media Massa Melalui Pemberdayaan PKK sebagai Agen Media Literacy di Kabupaten Banyumas. Jurnal Acta Diurna 9(2).

Scull, Tracy M. Kupersmidt, Janis B. Weatherholt, Tara. 2017. The Effectiveness of online, Familybased Media Literacy Education for Substance Abuse Prevention in Elementary School Children: Study of Media Detective Family Program. Journal Community Psichology 45 (6) : 796-809.

Staksrud, E dan Livingstone, S. 2009. Children and Online Risk: Powerless Victims or Resourceful Participants?. Information, Communication, Society 3(12)ISSN: 1369-118X.

Ybarra, Michele L. MPH, Ph.D dan Mitchell, Kimberly J, Ph.D. 2005. Exposure to Internet Pornography among Children and Adolescents. A National Survey. Cyberpsychology & Behavior 8 (5).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.