INOVASI TEKNOLOGI PUPUK HAYATI DAN KOMPOS DAUN BAWANG MERAH UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BAWANG MERAH

Sakhidin Sakhidin, Kharisun Kharisun, Muhammad Juwanda

Abstract


Peningkatan produksi bawang merah perlu dilakukan untuk memenuhi permintaan konsumen yang semakin meningkat. Pengembangan inovasi teknologi pupuk terbarukan sangat diperlukan untuk menunjang pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman bawang merah. Pemberian sulfur yang dibantu pupuk hayati di pertanaman bawang merah akan berpengaruh pada hasil umbi bawang merah. Pemberian pupuk sulfur yang dibantu pupuk hayati dan pupuk kompos daun bawang merah sebagai teknologi terbarukan perlu dilakukan. Hal ini dikarenakan ketersediaan sulfur dan bahan organik didalam tanah yang rendah. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan percobaan RAKL. Faktor pertama yaitu dosis sulfur yang dibantu pupuk hayati 0 kg S/ha (kontrol); 100 kg S/ha; 200 kg S/ha; dan 300 kg S/ha, faktor kedua yaitu dosis kompos daun bawang merah 0 t/ha; 25 t/ha; 50 t/ha dan 75 t/ha, terdapat 16 perlakuan dan diulang 3 kali. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa pemberian dosis sulfur dan kompos daun bawang merah berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman bawang merah. Pemberian sulfur 100 kg S/ha memberikan pengaruh yang terbaik bagi pertumbuhan hasil bawang merah dan tidak berbeda nyata pengaruhnya dengan pemberian sulfur sebesar 200 kg S/ha untuk variabel pengamatan luas daun, jumlah umbi, bobot segar tanaman per rumpun, bobot kering tanaman per rumpun dan bobot umbi per rumpun. Pemberian dosis kompos daun bawang merah 25 t/ha memberikan hasil pertumbuhan tanaman bawang merah yang terbaik dibandingkan dengan pemberian dosis kompos yang lain. Interaksi pemberian sulfur 200 kg S/ha dengan kompos daun bawang merah 25 t/ha memberikan hasil terbaik dibandingkan dengan perlakuan yang lain untuk variabel tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, bobot umbi segar dan volume umbi.

Kata kunci: bawang merah, kompos, sulfur, pupuk, pertumbuhan

 

Increased shallot production needs to be done to meet increasing consumer demand. The development of renewable fertilizer technology innovations is needed to support the growth and yield of shallots. Provision of sulfur which is assisted by biological fertilizers in shallot plantations will affect the yield of shallot bulbs. Providing sulfur fertilizer assisted by biological fertilizer and shallot leaf compost as a renewable technology needs to be done. This is due to the low availability of sulfur and organic matter in the soil. The study used the RAKL experimental design. The first factor is the dose of sulfur assisted by biological fertilizer 0 kg S / ha (control); 100 kg S / ha; 200 kg S / ha; and 300 kg S / ha, the second factor is compost dose; 0 t / ha; 25 t / ha; 50 t / ha and 75 t / ha, there are 16 treatments and repeated 3 times. The results showed that administration of sulfur dosage and  compost of shallot leaves affected the growth and yield of shallot plants. Giving sulfur of 100 kg S / ha gives the best effect on the growth of shallot yield and is not significantly different from giving sulfur of 200 kg S / ha for the observation variables of leaf area, number of bulbs, fresh weight of plants per clump, dry weight of plants per clump and bulb weights per clump. Giving a dose compost 25 t / ha gives the best growth results of shallot plants compared to other doses of compost. The interaction of giving 200 kg S / ha of sulfur with 25 t / ha of shallot compost gave the best results compared to other treatments for variable plant height, number of leaves, fresh bulb weight and bulb volume. 


Key words: shallot, compost, sulfur, fertilizer, growth


Full Text:

PDF

References


Anisyah, F., R. Sipayung, dan C. Hanum. 2014. Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Bawang Merah Dengan Pemberian Berbagai Pupuk Organik. Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi 2(2): 482 – 496

Antonius, G.F., E. Perkins, and A.H. Cantor. 2009. Chicken Manure Increased Concentration of Organic Sulfur Compounds in Field-Grown Onions. Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part B(44): 481 – 487

Assefa, A.G., S.H. Mesgina, and Y.W. Abrha. 2015. Response of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Growth and Yield to Different Combinations of N, P, S, Zn Fertilizers and Compost in Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 4(2): 985 – 989

Chen, L., Y. Ren, J. Lin, X. Liu, X. Pang, and J. Lin. 2012. Acidithiobacillus Caldus Sulfur Oxidation Model Based on Transcriptome Analysis Between the Wild Type and Sulfur Oxygenase Reductase Defective Mutant. Jurnal Plos One 7(9)

Francesc, P. Boldu, N. Rojo, G. Gallastegui, M. Guivernau, M. Vin˜as, and A. Elı´as. 2014. Role of Thiobacillus Thioparus in The Biodegradation of Carbon Disulfide in a Biofilter Packed with a Recycled Organic Pelletized Material. Journal Biodegradation 25: 557 – 568

Gaofei, Z.Li, F.Fan, G.Chu, Z.Hou and Y.Liang. 2010. Soil biological activity and their seasonal variations in response to long-term application of organic and inorganic fertilizers. Plant Soil 326: 31 – 44

Govere. S., B. Madziwa, and P. Mahlatini. 2011. The Nutrient of Organic Liquid Fertilizer in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) 1(1): 196 – 202

Halifah, U.N., R. Sulistiono dan M. Santoso. 2014. Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik (Blotong) dan Pupuk Anorganik (ZA) Terhadap Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum, L). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman 2(8): 665 – 672

Irianto, Yakup, M.U. Harun, dan Susilawati. 2016. Karakter Agronomi Tiga Varietas Bawang Merah dengan Pemupukan Fosfor dan Sulfur pada Musim Kemarau di Tanah Ultisol. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal. Fakultas Pertanian. Universitas Brawijaya. Malang.

Kementerian Pertanian. 2011. Pupuk Organik, Pupuk Hayati dan Pembenah Tanah. Peraturan Menteri Pertanian No: 70/Permentan/ SR. 140/10/2011. Jakarta.

Laboratorium Ilmu Tanah Unsoed. 2016. Analisis daun bawang merah. Fakultas Pertanian Unsoed. Purwokerto.

McCallum. J, N. Porter, B. Searle, M. Shaw, B. Bettjemanand M. McManus. 2005. Sulfur and nitrogen fertility affects flavour of field-grown onions. Jurnal. Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. 269: 151 – 158

Rahman, I.A, Sri Djuniwati, dan Komarudin Idris. 2008. Pengaruh Bahan Organik Dan Pupuk NPK Terhadap Serapan Hara dan Produksi Jagung di Inceptisol Ternate. Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Lingkungan 10(1): 7 – 13

Shiferaw, D., N. Dechassa, K. Woldetsadik, G. Tabor, and Sharma. 2015. Effect of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Shulpur fertilizer on Growth, Yield, and Economic Returns of Garlic (Allium sativum, L). Sci. Technol. Arts Res. J. 4(2): 10 – 22

Souza, A.B.C. Filho, F.A. Tulio, and R.H.D Nowaki. 2015. Effect of Sulphur dose on the productivity and quality of onions. Australian Journal of Crop Science 9(8): 728 – 733

Sriramachandrasekharan, M.V. 2013. Sulfur Use Efficiency of Radish as Affected by Sulfur Source and Rate in Typic Ustifluvent Soil. Jurnal Comunications In Biometry and Crop Science 7(1): 35 – 40

Sudadi dan Demelia, A.A. 2012. Optimasi Bahan Organik Untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Bawang Merah Yang Dipupuk Biosulfo. Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi 9(1)

Trisusiyo, Y., E.E. Nurlaelih, dan M.Santosa. 2014. Pengaruh Aplikasi Biourin Pada Pertumbuhan dan Hasail Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum, L). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman 2(8): 613 – 619

Velivelli, S.L.S., A. Sessitsch, and B.D. Prestwich. 2014. The Role of Microbial Inoculants in Integrated Crop Management Systems. Journal.Potato Research 57: 291 – 309

Zhao, C., F. Degryse, F. Gupta, and M.J. McLaughlin. 2015. Elemental Sulfur Oxidation in Australian Cropping Soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 79: 89 – 9


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.